Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection or ICSI is a procedure, practiced during the In Vitro Fertilization treatment (IVF).
While performing IVF treatment, male’s sperm and female’s egg are placed together forestalling that the sperm will go into the egg and impregnate it. Though, during an ICSI procedure, an embryologist inserts the sperm straight into the egg.
But the question remains that…..
Why One Should Choose Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection procedure?
Usually, ICSI procedure is used in severe male infertility cases, like:
• Teratozoospermia: In this case, the male has anomalous looking sperm.
• Oligospermia: It is one of the most common causes of male infertility. It occurs when male has a low sperm count or has a low semen volume.
Note: A normal sperm count has 20 million per milliliter or more, but it is counted abnormal in males if the count is less than 20 million sperm per ml of ejaculation.
• Asthenozoospermia: It is a problem, when the sperm doesn’t have the competence to move about impulsively and robustly. This is another common cause of infertility or decrease fertility in men.
How Is ICSI Procedure Performed?
ICSI Procedure comprises of five simple steps, which are as follows:
• The developed egg is held with a particular pipette.
• A very subtle, shrill, and resonating needle is used to restrain and pick up a single sperm.
• The needle is then prudently inserted through the shell of the ovum and into the cytoplasm of the egg.
• The sperm is vaccinated into the cytoplasm, and the needle is cautiously removed.
• Time-to-time, eggs are examined to keep a check on the normal fertilization.